Government of Guelphia
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Politics and government of Guelphia
The Government of Guelphia, commonly referred to as HM Government or His Majesty's Government, is the central government of Guelphia.
The formal origin of the Government of Guelphia, and along with it the kingdom itself, can be traced to the Guelphia Company in London in 1834.
The Government officially came in to existence with the landing of the Company's board of governors in Port Frederick on the 18 February 1836. Alongside the formation of the Guelphian crown, the Act had also allowed for the formation of the Executive Council, thereby constituting an executive branch, and the Senate, thereby forming the legislature.
The coming of representative government, whereby there would be an elected element to the Parliament, was brought about with an amendment to the Constitution of Guelphia in 1854. The amendment abolished the subscription method of election to the Senate and established a fully-elected House of Assembly for the first time.
Despite being representative, the new constitution did not introduce the idea of responsible government, with the Resident Commissioner of Guelphia able to act without the advice and consent of the Parliament if he so chose. However, successive Resident Commissioners did allow the Parliament to select from amongst their number a Chief Secretary, who was typically the individual who could command a majority on the floor of the Assembly, and could be therefore counted on to aid the passage of legislation on behalf of the Resident.
Authority and powers
The Prime Minister, or more formally, the President of the Executive Council, is the Sovereign's first minister of state. At the conclusion of a general election, or at any other time the office falls vacant, it falls within the prerogative of the Sovereign to appoint the person who commands a majority on the floor of the House of Assembly to the office of President and then form a government. By convention, the President also holds the office of Keeper of the Great Seal of Guelphia.
The Cabinet is a committee of the Executive Council that comprises of all the senior officeholders in the Government who hold a ministerial portfolio over the Guelphian Civil Service. Under the provisions of the Constitution and the Ministers of the Crown Act, these officeholders hold the rank of a Minister of State. It is the Cabinet that makes all the major decisions regarding the policy and political direction of the Government, including the enactment of any secondary legislation. These decisions are then made legally binding before the Sovereign by the Executive Council.
The government itself is the primary component of the Guelphian state sector.