Environment of Guelphia
Consistent efforts have been made to preserve Guelphia's flora and fauna species from extinction. Much of the land was overdeveloped in the nineteenth and twentieth century, but restoration efforts since the 1980s have restored a large amount of land back to a sustainable state. Conservation measures to reduce pollution, recycle waste, and cut out chemicals have led to a nation of healthier people living in a land that is better able to cope with their presence.
Guelphia's biodiversity is similar to other parts of the former Gondwana super-continent. These affinities are due to the modest age of the archipelago (~30 million years), and the nearby location of Guelphia to Gondwana remnants such as New Zealand and New Caledonia.
Guelphia's biodiversity exhibits high levels of endemism, both in its flora and fauna. There are no native terrestrial mammals, with the main component of the fauna being found in the form of insects and birds. Its flora is dominated by Gondwanan plants, comprising historically of forests and heath. More recently a component has been introduced by humans, in the form of both fauna and flora, which has had a significant impact on the biota of the archipelago.
The climate of Guelphia is mostly cool temperate in the south and warm temperate to sub-tropical in the north. The country can be divided in to three climate zones:
North Coast and Isle of Lunenburg
Encompassing Isle of Lunenburg and all of the river valleys north of the Central Plateau of Brunswick Island, the coastal zone is the largest of Guelphia's three climate zones. The zone tends toward a sub-tropical climate, although some areas close to the escarpment are more temperate in nature. On the whole, the climate is characterised with warm summers and mild winters. Rainfall is spread throughout the year, and is the wettest area in Guelphia.
Occupying much of central Brunswick Island, the Central Plateau forms the second largest climate zone. All of the region sits at an altitude of 1,000 feet (300 m) or more. The climate of the zone is the most even in Guelphia, with mild to warm summers and cool to very cool winters. Rain is more common over the summer, although winter precipitation in the form of snow and sleet is not uncommon.
South Coast and Islands
The smallest of the three climate zones, the south coast consists of all of Brunswick Island south of the Central Plateau, as well as the volcanic islands that form the south-east of the archipelago. The climate of this zone tends from temperate to sub-antartic, with rainfall being evenly spread through the year. The temperature is characterised with mild summers and cool to cold winters.
Guelphia's various protected areas are divided into seven categories, matching the Protected Area Management Categories of the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Today, each park and reserve is classified according to it's conservation needs, which in turn dictates the level of public access allowed and what facilities a protected area may have.
Today, there are 0 individual protected areas in Guelphia, who between them occupy 0 square miles (0 square kilometres) or 0.00% of the total national landmass. The administration of Guelphia's protected areas is the responsibility of the Royal National Parks Service and the Forestry Commission.